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Food Security in the U.S.


Food security means access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life.

USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) plays a leading role in research on food security and food security measurement in U.S. households and communities. USDA, ERS provides data access and technical support to social science scholars to facilitate their research on food security. USDA, ERS research focuses on:

  • Food security in U.S. households (see annual report below)
  • Food security’s effect on the well-being of children, adults, families, and communities
  • Food security’s relationship to public policies, public assistance programs, and the economy



Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service (2023). Food Security in the U.S.